How and how to fill up the car air conditioner

The principle of the device of an automobile air conditioner is simpler, in contrast to the standard household, but in operation this technique has its own nuances. Car recycling in this company also has its own nuances:

In a conventional air conditioner, the refrigerant is located in a closed system, from where it practically does not go anywhere. In the automobile-a mechanical compressor drive is used, which leads to small leaks.

What you need to refuel the air conditioner
Such a task requires experience and knowledge of the device of the air conditioning system in the car.

With a well-functioning air conditioner, it is enough to fill it once every 5-6 years. To do this, you will need:

a hose equipped with a pressure gauge (or a separate weather station if there is no pressure gauge);
a container with a refrigerant. The choice of the substance depends on the year of manufacture of the vehicle. Modern cars run on R134a, older models (until 1993) – on R12. You can use a fallback option-Freeze12 or its analogues;
the car manufacturer’s manual, which indicates where the main parts of the air conditioner are located;
in some cases – adapters between the hoses and the cylinder.
To accurately verify the need for refueling the air conditioner, as well as to learn in detail about the general condition of the vehicle, we recommend conducting computer diagnostics of the car.

Self-refueling of the air conditioner
First, you need to determine whether the system has the required amount of freon. Attach the filling hose to the low-pressure line. If there is no result, then there is a leak, and the problem can not be solved without its elimination.

Next, examine the heat exchanger of the air conditioner – it should not contain garbage.

The end of the hose, equipped with a needle, is attached to the refrigerant cylinder. Then the cap of the freon cylinder is punctured with a valve on the hose or adapter, a small part of the refrigerant is released. The opposite part of the hose is connected to the low-pressure line (do not forget to remove the plug with the letter “L”). If you use a regular hose, connect the weather station.

The next step is to turn on the engine. Start the car, turn on the air conditioner to maximum and activate the air recirculation mode.

In some cases, the engine speed needs to be raised to a certain indicator – this point is described in the instructions. If a stable and optimal pressure is formed in the main line, then everything is in order – there is no need for additional refrigerant.

Achieving the right pressure
In extreme heat, the refrigerant will flow out faster, so you need to hold the cylinder with the tap up.

Monitor the pressure using a pressure gauge or weather station – if an excessive amount of freon is poured, remove it through the valve on the hose.

At the end of the process, you need to close the valve and remove the hose.

All that remains is to check the air conditioning from the car interior. It is best to use a special thermometer placed on the deflectors. Ideally, the temperature inside the machine should be 10-15 degrees lower than outside. If this result could not be achieved, then you need to add a refrigerant or check the air conditioner for breakdowns.



How and how to fill up the car air conditioner

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